Bihar is the one most intimately linked to the Buddha’s life, resulting in a trail of pilgrimages which have come to be known as the Buddhist circuit. Bihar is a state in East India, bordering Nepal. It is divided by the River Ganges, which floods its fertile plains. Important Buddhist pilgrimage sites include the Bodhi Tree in Bodhgaya’s Mahabodhi Temple, under which the Buddha allegedly meditated. The very name Bihar is derived from the world ’vihara’, which means Buddhist monastery. In the state capital Patna, Mahavir Mandir temple is revered by Hindus, while Sikhs worship at the domed, riverside Gurdwara of Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib Ji. The Buddhist trail begins at the capital city, Patna, where a noteworthy museum contains a collection of Hindu and Buddhist sculptures. To the south of Patna is Nalanda which translates as ’the place that confers the lotus’ (of spiritual knowledge) Bodhgaya is the spot where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment, with the Mahabodhi Temple marking the precise location. Bihar’s Buddhist circuit has modest backup facilities by way of accommodation, international dining and surface transport.
Bihar has basked in the glory of the Magadh Empire in the period of Mauryans, Guptas and Pal, Vikramshila University, whose ruins speak of best as this glorious dead of learning was constructed during Pal dynasty.
The state of Bihar lies along the eastern Gangetic Plains in North India, A land that has been the passing of many dynasties of ancient India, Bihar has also been the birthplace of two treat theologies -Buddhism and Jainism. As a place of pilgrimage for centuries, even the name Bihar is desired from ‘Vihar’ as a Buddhist monastery, Reflecting its ancient history, Bihar has some of the finest monuments of Hindu and Mughal architecture. And through the state flows the majestic river, Ganga, a saga of events of centuries-old civilization. The scenery and climate of the State range from the foothills of Himalayas, over the vast and fertile plains of the Ganga to the hills, forests and wide plateau. The land and people, fairs and festivals, arts and crafts, flora and fauna of Bihar, are all epitomes of diversity, which enchant and thrill tourists.
Bihar offers to tourists a variegated wealth of Indian Civilization, history and culture complex with exquisite scenic beauties and wildlife within its precinct are located, places like Rajgir and Pataliputra, ancient capital of mighty Magadhan empire, Vaishali-the first Republican state the world; Bodhgaya where Lord Buddha attained the supreme enlightenment, Nalanda-the great seat of international learning and Patna Saheb-the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh, the last Guru of the Sikh.